Facebook. These are often identified both as Yoruba gods as well as Roman Catholic saints. As well as being a Cuban religion that is less dogmatic and institutionalized than Catholicism. [402] After independence, Afro-Cubans remained largely excluded from economic and political power,[402] while negative stereotypes about them remained pervasive throughout the Euro-Cuban population. [97] Each oricha is associated with its own rhythms, which can be played on the drums. [36] The concept of the eledá derives from Yoruba traditional religion, where it is seen as the "spiritual double" of a person. [152] An ethos of secrecy pervades many of its practices,[153] with initiates often refusing to discuss certain topics with non-initiates. ... Register now to get your Santeria Tools in Stainless Steel. Heres my interpretation of Sublime's Santeria - above everything its alot of fun to play! [159] Most initiates know between a few dozen through to hundreds of Lucumí words and phrases,[157] although there are initiates who are not comfortable using it. [99] Practitioners refer to this oricha as one which "rules the head" of an individual;[52] this entity is described as their "head" oricha,[36] and the "owner of the head. [91] Changó is typically conflated with Santa Barbara because they both wear red. [386] The great plurality were Yoruba, from the area encompassed by the modern states of Nigeria and Benin;[387] the Yoruba had a shared language and culture but were divided among different states. Even though there are various religions and sects in Africa, one thing is common in all of them. [309] There have also been cases whereby those attending non-religious toques have still felt themselves to be possessed by an oricha. Add to cart More. [275], In Spanish Cuba, Roman Catholicism was the only religion that could be practiced legally. Model TOOL2. [272], The main public ritual performance in Santería is a drumming ceremony known as toque de santo,[273] sometimes also called a tambor. [281] Before they are used in ceremonies, these drums are typically baptized, after which they are referred to as a tambor de fundamento. [346] Like Obi, dilogún is generally seen as being open to all practitioners of Santería,[201] although some groups hold that only postmenopausal women should hold the role of italeras, a diviner who uses the shells. In the 1960s, growing emigration following the Cuban Revolution spread Santería elsewhere. [50] Its deities are referred to as orisha or oricha,[51] or alternatively as the ocha,[52] and also as the santos ("saints"). [54], Practitioners often believe that individuals have a specific destiny,[139] usually referred to as destino (destiny) or camino (road). What do hypocrite 'Christians' who voted for BIDEN have to say about Exodus 18:21? [394] These operated as mutual aid societies and organised communal feasts, dances, and carnivals. How can be more confident in God's existence? [308] Some drumming groups who perform toque at both religious and non-religious events may omit certain parts from the latter to distinguish them from the former. [142] In the U.S., some African American adherents have contrasted what they regard as the African-derived ethos of Santería with the non-African origins of Christianity. [396] In 1888, the law forbade "old style" cabildos, after which many of these groups went underground, becoming some of the early casas de santo. [72] Eleguá is believed to be responsible for reporting on humanity to Olodumare. The oricha must then be propitiated to stop, sometimes with the sick individual receiving initiation. Concepts from Spiritism increasingly filtered into Santería from the late 19th century onward. [109] Several academics have described Santería as having a "here-and-now" ethos distinct from that of Christianity,[141] and the social scientist Mercedes C. Sandoval suggested that many Cubans chose to practice Santería over Roman Catholicism or Spiritism because it emphasizes techniques for dealing with pragmatic problems in life. [199] Such altars typically consist of a white-covered table known as a bóveda,[200] something derived from the White Table of Kardecian Spiritism. "[1] This is the most popular name for the religion, although some practitioners consider it offensive and avoid it in favor of alternatives. Offerings are also given to the spirits of the dead, especially those of ancestors, with some practitioners identifying as spirit mediums. US$90.00 -10%. "Santeria" is a song by Sublime on their third album, Sublime.The band Sublime has reggae, rock, and mexican influences.Many would say their largest influence is the Jamaican reggae artist Bob Marley.The song includes the bassline and pre-rhythm guitar riff from Sublime's earlier song "Lincoln Highway Dub" off the album Robbin' the Hood.This song tells the story of a jealous ex-boyfriend pursuing to reclaim … Is this a shame? [405] In 1876 a law was passed banning the Abakuá fraternal society, an Afro-Cuban religious group which had become widely associated with criminal activity. [173] The relationship between santeros/santeras and their 'godchildren' is central to the religion's social organization. That is why there is organized religion. [264] Guests, who may include the initiate's family and friends, visit them to pay homage. Santería is polytheistic, involving the veneration of deities known as oricha. [274] Many practitioners consider it to be the religion's most powerful ceremony. [272] As they gain more knowledge, the initiate is referred to as a serio ("serious"), indicating their greater commitment to the religion. [392] The Roman Catholic Church in Cuba made efforts to convert the enslaved Africans, but the instruction in Roman Catholicism provided to the latter was typically perfunctory and sporadic. Brent Culshaw. [131] Santería teaches that all beings possess aché but that initiates gain more of it. [222][223], Practitioners will often conduct an ébbo with the hope of receiving something in return from the oricha. [253] It will often incorporate elements which indicate the initiate's tutelary oricha; devotees of Yemajá for instance usually include omí ("water") in their name, while those of Changó often have obá ("king"). It formed through the blending of the traditional religions brought to Cuba by enslaved West Africans, the majority of them Yoruba, and Roman Catholicism, the only religion legally permitted on the island by the Spanish colonial government. A series of additional birds may then be brought out and killed in the same manner, their carcasses placed next to images of the oricha. [122] Among practitioners, aché is sometimes described as conveying notions of luck, health, and prosperity. [145], Santería involves the use of the Ifá divination system,[347] which is often understood as the most complex and prestigious form of divination used in the religion. Offerings to the oricha include fruit and the blood of sacrificed animals, usually birds. Technically, it's not the tools or ingredients that make magic work - it's the belief. [356] Individuals approach the babalawo seeking guidance, often on financial matters, at which the diviner will consult Orula through the established divinatory method. Model TOOL3. [124] Some practitioners believe that unevolved spirits lurk in the air and can be distilled by the rain, through which they can attach themselves to individuals who have been rained on. Lyrics to 'Santeria (The Voice Performance)' by Menlik Zergabachew. "[127] She added that "Aché is neither good nor bad; rather, aché is motion". [399] However, Santería established a larger presence in the United States during the 1960s as growing numbers of Cuban migrants moved there in the wake of the Cuban Revolution. [409] Ideas from Spiritism increasingly filtered into and influenced Santería. [87] Some of the oricha are regarded as being antagonistic to one another; Chango and Ogun are for instance described as enemies. Normally, Perry, 44, embraces the roles of educator and publicist for the religion, putting her among a generation of religious leaders moving Santeria out of the shadows and onto the Internet. [349] In Cuba, many individuals are both santeros and babalawos,[30] although it is not uncommon for babalawos to perceive themselves as being superior to most santeros. Sign Up. [84] Obatalá is the oricha of truth and justice and is deemed responsible for helping to mould humanity. Well, I am a hoodoo practitioner and the methods for disposal might be a little different between the two practices, but they are related practices so it might work. [187], Typically placed on the altar are the sopera porcelain vessels, often tureens, which contain various sacred items, most notably the otán stones (pl. Ok so here is the deal. [57] The ethnomusicologist Katherine Hagedorn described aché as "the realized and inherent divine potential in all aspects of life, even in apparently inert objects. [155] For many African Americans, it was seen as a more authentically African religion than others available to them, especially when purged of European-derived Roman Catholic elements. Daddy's gonna love one and all. [447], Santería has often faced opposition. [46] Practitioners believe that this creator divinity created the universe but takes little interest in human affairs. [437] Cuban cultural nationalists were critical of the Yorubization process, viewing Santería's syncretism as a positive trait and arguing that advocates of Yorubization presented homogenous societies as superior to heterogenous ones. [109] Due to this, some practitioners have linked Santería in with their own black nationalist ideology. [70] He is depicted as being black on one side and red on the other,[71] and although often shown as male is sometimes depicted as being female. [ 240 ] in Santería focus on bringing down the oricha associated with a specific oricha is organized around structured! 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